Yodel Stamps were launched in 2013 and every year the stories of yodelers of diverse nationalities were sent to yodelers around the world.
The Yodel Stamps have been a powerful testimony to the fact that this small music we all love is being widely sang in a much larger number of countries than we thought.
Yodel stamps began in Korea (2013).
Since then, a lot of yodelers of various countries have been sent out their own designed stamps & their various stories to the world. So far, the stories of Yodelers from USA(2014), Germany(2015), Holland(2016), Canada(2017) and China(2018) have been sent it around the world through Yodel stamps.
The model of the Yodel stamp of the year is Bjørn Tomren, Norwegian yodeler.
He participated in the 3rd World Yodel Day Festival in Korea(2017) and sang the experimental yodel “Hilmar i Tutheia”, which mixed the yodel and Mongolian Khoomei , and the yodel “The River” for the unification of the Korean peninsula.
Although somewhat unfamiliar to yodelers around the world, Norway is a country with a long tradition of yodeling, and Bjørn Tomren is not only the traditonal yodeler but also the modern artist who mixes the Monglian/Tuvan traditional music Khoomei with yodel.
If you interest his yodeling story, please apply for a letter. Yodel letter has been free of charge, but starting this year will be a minimum postage fee. If you are interested, please contact the address below.
Since the 2000s, Internet was the greatest contribution to the development of the Korean Yodel Clubs. The Yodel clubs had been stagnant, were able to revitalize through the construction of the internet homepage. There were also a new Yodel club founded. And many Yodel clubs that have been born from the 70s to the 80s have been became more than 30 years old adults.
▶ The emergence of a new Yodel club
On May 11, 2003, the ‘광명 요들 동호회Gwangmyeng Yodel Club’ was established.
This club was founded by the online members of Gwangmyeong who being activities in heidiland. Therefore, a series of things that happened during the formation of this club was shared with yodelers in Korea, and after that, the name “광명 엔시안 요들클럽Kwangmyeong Enzian Yodel Club” was declared nationwide through their voluntary voting. It was the first case in Korea where the whole process of club foundation was made by online.
In 2008, the “분당 요들클럽Bundang Yodel Club” was established. This club was founded by 김원섭Kim Won-sup with the 요들 품앗이학교Yodel Poomat-ee School of the Seongnam Cultural Foundation and Bundang club was also established through the online homepage similar to the Kwangmyung case introduced above. Online has now become an inevitable methods for all Yodel clubs to take advantage of it.
In the Chungcheong region, including Daejeon, despite many efforts to do so, there were the Yodel Club still does not exist.
In addition, there were notable Yodel groups such as ‘Vancouver Alpinrose Yodel Club’ made by the Korean immigrants who came to Canada and ‘Yodel-i’ made by kindergarten and elementary school teachers, but all the activities are temporarily suspended.
Since the 2000s, numerous Yodel Clubs have repeatedly been created and destroyed. Creating Yodel Club by online have been so simple that anyone can do it, but it was not easy to maintain.
▶ Development of existing Yodel clubs
Existing Yodel clubs have remained, although they were partially in crisis. In the meantime, the color of the various individual yodeling club has been maintained & developed.
Edelweiss, a Swiss-oriented yodel choir, performed an annual concert at Seocho-gu Civil Hall in a cost-effective and efficient way. Their goal always have been to build and develop the folklore of the tradition of the Switzerland ‘Jodellied’
Alpinrose, the only university yodel club in Seoul, has strengthened the character of the youth and has held concerts centered on university student every year to keep their dreams and romance. In 2002, the Alpinrose OB(Old Boy) was officially launched and various activities were carried out for the maintenance and development of their yodel clubs. the Alpinrose have been constantly singing for fresh yodel with a the joy of the folk and pop in the constantly young student atmosphere.
Existing Yodel clubs were constantly evolving in various activities. The Basel Yodel Club, which has always pioneered the new Yodel culture, pioneers a new musical genre called the Yodeletta.(= Yodel + Musical)
Existing Yodel clubs have been still showing a variety of yodel all over the place.
▶Many of Yodel clubs grew into the adult
Edelweiss, Korea ‘s first yodel club, celebrated its 40th anniversary in April 2009.
The Swiss embassy official Viotti, participated in the 40th anniversary of Edelweiss, said: “I am very happy tonight. It is a very happy day for me to hear such yodels in Switzerland that I have truly heard in Korea.”
And already many yodel clubs are becoming adults over thirty.
Many Yodel clubs have grown to over thirty years. Some clubs have been steadily growing and some have been maintained, clubs have become less popular, but there has been a cracked movement to make new clubs within the inner-club. The group’s aspirations to pursue more different yodel music in accordance with their musical tendencies have produced this kind of movement. From the traditional point of view, it seems that the so-called “thirty-strokes” have started with the Korean yodel clubs.
▶ The new Yodel Clubs that was created by an existing Yodel Clubs
In February 2006, some members of the existing Incheon Enzian Yodel Club created another Yodel Club named 인천 미추홀 요들클럽Incheon Michuhol Yodel Club. The club has been working on the theme of ‘The harmony of musical instruments and singing’ against response to the somewhat classical and Swiss tradition of the originals. Their concerts include pop music and other musical instruments.
In 2007, the new Yodel Club named 광주 오버란트 요델클럽Gwangju Overland Yodel Club was made by some members of the existing Gwangju Enzian Yodel Club.
Founded on the motto of studying the music of the third world as well as the existing yodels, the Gwangju Overland Yodel Club focuses on the bluegrass music. The Bluegrass camp have been held every year and also continued to interact with the Japanese Alphorn club.
Since then, there have been additional clubs such as 광주 에델바이스 요델클럽Gwangju Edelweiss Yodel Club , and 광주 알핀로제 요들클럽Gwangju Alpinrose Yodel Club(established in 2010) from Gwangju Overland Yodel Club.
At the Basel Yodel Club in Seoul, the OB (Old Boy) Club was actively organized on the occasion of the 30th anniversary (2005). They focused more on studying Alpine style yodels including Switzerland through two short self-concerts and trips to Switzerland.
In 2009, they will create a separate yodel club named the “한국 알펜 요델 카메라덴Korea Alpen Jodel Kameraden”. The group is now developing into the most professional and vigorous yodeling group in the study and dissemination of Alpine style yodels in Korea.
▶ present conditions of the Korean Yodels since 2000
Since 2000, there have been many complicated developments in Korea, such as the creation of the new yodel clubs in various regions, the development of existing yodel clubs, and the birth of the new yodel club from the existing yodel clubs.
This western content, which have been introduced in Korea at the end of the 1960s, shows its existence as a lifelong music in Korea. In addition, the era of environmental pollution caused by global urbanization, yodel being reevaluated with eco-friendly well-being music, and it seems that more and more Korean are falling into the charm of this yodel music.
This kind of atmosphere will create more yodeling groups in the future in Korea. Maybe, at the moment this article being written, a new yodel club was being created somewhere in Korea.
Therefore, this unique situation in Korea, which has the largest number of yodeling clubs in the world except Switzerland, will be sure to continue.
In this article, the Korean yodel stories ends in 2011. However, even after 2011, there have been many incidents in the Korean Yodel, and the stories are still hot.
Since 2011, rather, there looked seem more incidents happening in Korea compared to the past. I do not know if I will have a chance to write about after 2011, but the future Korean yodels will be so complicated that I feel overwhelming to write.
If you interested in Korea Yodel stories, please visit Korea.
Korean yodel communities are so dynamic and attractive compared to any other country in the world. I am sure that the dynamic appearance of it will be very interesting for anyone who loves yodel.
And if a person who yodel-lover will visit Korea’s Yodel Club, they will all be enthusiastic welcoming by Korean yodelers!
하이디랜드heidiland was a small internet communities opened on October 11, 1999, but It was introduced to the mass media along with the publicity and their members became 394 people on June 16, 2001 and 448 people on August 20, 2001. The number of members increased sharply, and in the same 9 ~ 3 months of the same year, 55 people grew enough to make an active bulletin board activity. However, the owner of the cafe still occupies 26% of the time, and the owners / operators’ bulletin board activities account for 37% of the total, and they also had structural problems such as changing their identity three times.
– 서이종Seo Ee-jong, 인터넷 커뮤니티와 한국사회Internet Society and Korean Society
▶ the birth of heidiland
After the financial crisis in the late ’90s, Korean society was rapidly becoming an information-oriented society, and online community 하이디랜드heidiland was created just one of the tools to manage new members of the Korea Basel Yodel Club by 임중현Lim Choong-hyon, who was then the music lecturer of the Basel Yodel Club.
Before heidiland, there were the “요들을 사랑하는 사람들people who loving Yodel”, a PC communication group at Korea Basel Yodel Club. There was also a homepage of Korea Alpinrose Yodel Club, a university-based yodel club in Seoul.
heidiland was belong to the 다음사Daum corps, was the 1st generation online company in Korea, offered free web mail services and then offered online community services named ‘다음카페Daum-café’. ‘Daum-café’ was the first online bulletin boards in Korea so heidiland has grown to become an online collective yodeling group that drives the birth of the online yodeling community in Korea with only one reason: it was created in the early days of the Internet community in Korea.
▶ Start with a community of Basel Yodel clubs
The Basel Yodel Club in Seoul was the most online-oriented yodeling club in Korea at that time, since they had already shared their own PC communication communities since 1997. “the people who loving Yodel”(Yo44), the PC based yodel community in Basel, were in fact only members for Basel, but all Basel members regarded Yo44 as a separate organization from the Basel Yodel Club. It was a diary of young Yodelers in Basel, and a place of more secret stuffs. In addition, it was an honest space for another Basel community, and on the other hand, it was their very closed space.
The background of the birth of heidiland in the early days was nothing more than a place that transferred the space of the Yo44 to the Internet. Yo44 was PC-based small groups of HiTel, it possible to use by paid HiTel ID. But the heidiland was made available with a free account called Hanmail, so heidiland was created as a new space for new members without HiTel ID.
However, the development of the Internet has transcended the original idea. Many of Basel members can not only add a variety of fonts and letters but also pictures as well as videos, Moreover, many Basel members have come to see that they can communicate with members not only in Korea but also in foreign countries through the internet.
And all this did not cost money! In a flash, many members started to come in. Not only the younger members but also the OB members started to find the memories of their young days and enter into the PC room and start to devote themselves to heidiland.
heidiland was able to break through the number of members of the Yo44 that had operated for three years so far in ten days!
The openness of the internet is different from the closure of the PC communication, and then the members of various yodel clubs in Korean as well as Basel freely were coming in heidland.
heidiland gave them the intense impression that a new gathering will be possible for Yodelers across the country that can not meet each other due to time and space limitations. And these things proceeded very concurrently, not sequentially. PC communication was thought of as a playground for relatively young people who are making good use of computers, but the Internet has really made people of all ages felt that they have to join it. Moreover, internet was accepted as a magic lamp to rebuild the meeting for the yodel clubs that were stagnating throughout in Korea.
Since the birth of heidiland, the following Yodel club’s online homepage has started to open rapidly : The daum café of Edelweiss (December 11, 1999 / 한창희Han Chang-hee), Incheon Enzian homepage (April 5, 2000 / 홍기환Hong Gi-hwan), The daum cafe of Daegu Alpin(26 April 2000/ 성찬영Seong Chan-young), Ulsan Alpinrose homepage (26 May 2000 / 최상대Choi Sang-dae), the daum cafe of Gwangju Enzian( 2 June 2000 / 장승일Jang Seung-il)
Online has become a popular trend, and every time these local online communities were created, heidiland had been very pleased to announce this news and linked their address through heidiland.
heidiland had developed into a site that mediates online homepages of all the yodel clubs in Korea just because it was created earlier.
▶ Pioneering a new way of heidiland
August 18, 2000 The online homepage of the Korea Basel Yodel Club opened by 황병준Hwang Byeong-joon, president of the Basel Yodel Club. the Basel has now got its real own online home, and on the contrary, Yo44 and heidiland has become a point to recall the meaning of existence. As a result, the Yo44 was extinguished, but heidiland was going to the new ways.
At that point of the Basel Yodel Club homepage was created, heidland has already become a heterogeneous homepage for Basel. However heidiland was also a vague, many unspecified homepages to the other Yodel Club’s positions.
As each club has making its own online homepage, heidiland was becoming increasingly hollow in danger of being destroyed before the year of his birth. Unexpectedly, the life of that “premature baby” was extended by a gynecologist.
손성기Son Sung-gi, was the senior members of the Korean Alpinrose yodel club and gynecologist fully sympathizes with the goals of heidiland as an online exchange place for all Yodelers in Korea. And then, he proposed a nationwide yodel meeting through heidiland.
Called ‘하이디랜드 정모heidiland Jeongmo’ started with a shy meetings of some members of Basel and Alpinrose yodel club. As the meetings grew, various Yodel clubs gradually became involved. At last Kim Hong-chul, the father of Korea Yodel, and the president of the KYF being took part in the event. ‘heidiland Jeongmo’ was an emerging place to meet all of my Korean yodel clubs.
heidiland-jeongmo, which was concentrated in the Seoul metropolitan area, reached the peak of meetings Yodel clubs nationwide on August 17, 2002.
The same date they had a concurrent meetings by the Metropolitan Yodel Club meetings in Seoul and the Kyungsang province Yodel Club meetings in Busan.
▶ heidiand was reborn as a joint website of Yodel Clubs in Korea
On Sept. 21, 2001, the Busan Alpinrose Yodel Club, which had no their own homepage yet, proposed sharing its homepage with heidiland, and heidiland re-created & shared as the homepage of the Busan Alpinrose. Since then, the Yodel Clubs was about to be reborn in Daejeon, and the Masan Alpinrose Yodel Clubs, which has not yet been homepaged yet, also opened their homepage through heidiland on January 20, 2002.
In 2003, three children’s yodel clubs, including Ganghwa Echo, Incheon Alpinrose and Incheon Michuhol, were opened their timelines through heidiland. Since then, yodel overs who such as Jeonju, Pohang, Gwangmyeong, Jeju, Gangwon, and Cheongju, were trying to create a new yodel club, opened their homepage through heidiland and found people interested about yodel in the same area.
So the dream of trying to bloom the yodels in the whole of Korea was made possible online, and the following wonderful Korean yodel map was born.
▶ heidiland produces a joint album for the Yodel Clubs in Korea
From a certain point in time, heidiland began to take pride and calling for the representation of the Korean yodels. Such a ritual made us to vote through heidiland to select “Korean favorite yodels”. These surveys were not expected to be noticed by some newspapers and broadcasters in Korea, and ultimately it seemed to be something that Korean yodelers had to do on their own initiative.
Yodelers from all over the country participated in the vote, and a total of nine Korean songs were chosen. heidiland planed to make yodel album by using that seleted songs.
So eight famous amateur yodel clubs in Korea were participating, and the Instrument accompaniment of the “Kim Hong-chul and his friends” of Korea’s top professional yodelers, as well as traditional Korean musical instruments including Haegum and Gayageum. furthermore added greetings from Yodlers of Switzerland, USA and Japan.
As a result the monumental record named “Korea’s Best Yodel” from the singing of the amateur yodelers in Korea was produced.
▶ heidiland, dreamed a dream of an online space with all yodelers of the world
Since the 2000s, heidiland has had a new dream. It was to create a yodel homepage for all the yodelers of the world.
However, the existing Daum café based heidiland was limited to the members of the Korean community, and heidiland boldly folded the Daum café and started to make its own homepage. The new heidiland, which was conceived in May 2007, was an international homepage that was used not only in Korean but also in English and Japanese. It have been officially opened on October 11, 2007, at the end of the 8th birthday of heidiland.
heidiland, which was newly launched as a self-server in 2007, has been linking and being introduced to various foreign yodel homepage. Now it have been growing as a yodel homepage which is illuminated by the world, and there are many Korean members but also many foreign yodelers. Now most of the world’s yodelers know this place, and heidiland shows a global presence as a space for everyone to preserve and spread the little music called Yodel and enjoy it.
▶ Since 2008
Since 2008, online trends have changed dramatically from tablet to mobile. In addition, a new powerful social network based on mobile, such as Facebook and YouTube, has emerged.
heidiland, which had previously operated as its own homepage, could not keep up with this trend. As a result, its homepage heidland was closed.
At present, heidiland have been spreading yodel by the following communities.
The biggest problem of the early Korean Yodel clubs was the lack of Yodel music sheet. Since there was no copying machine, the music sheets made through by hand-wright were kept as a file for each yodel club members. In 1973, the “즐거운 산노래A Joyful Mountain Song” was published by Kim Hong-chul. This book was constantly updated by Kim Hong-Chul’s hits, swiss chorus and written by amateur yodelers all over the Korea, but many of clubs were not satisfied with it, they wanted more yodels. As this each yodel clubs desires, agonies and efforts have been accumulated together with time, the demands of the new yodels of the Korean yodelers have been building up their own Korean-lyric yodels based on diversity of clubs by region.
▶ Development of Yodel Clubs in the Metropolitan Area
the Edelweiss, big brother of the all Korean Yodel Club, founded the young adults in their early 30s and later developed into the profound yodel club of 30s and 40s.
The Edelweiss’ s Yodel style has evolved in a way that pursues Swiss traditional yodels since the 80s. Edelweiss concert features Swiss chorus, Korean traditional Gagok, and sacred song as a major repertoire, while Min Wan-ki and others had been active in exchanges with Swiss yodel clubs, and the “Sunshine voice”, their inner small yodel choir, show off the essence of the Korean-Swiss Yodel. The “Sunshine voice” has also did live performances abroad including at Canada and Kiwi Yodel Club in New Zealand.
the Edelweiss was the big brother of the all Korean Yodel Club so has been a leading figure in the KYF, and many of the Edelweiss-led events of the 80s and 90s have been overlapped with the events of the KYF.
the founding members of the Edelweiss were doing steadily their club activities, so this club was the home of all the Korean yodelers. Although the members who had left for a long time, easy to returned and soon adapted. the Edelweiss was developing into the Yodel Club of Korea, which the most resembled the Swiss Yodel Club.
나는 에델이 좋아요I like Edel. 나는 에델이 좋아요I like Edel. 나는 에델이 좋아요I like Edel. 우리 모두 노래 불러요Let’s we sing altogether 우리 모두는 젊은 요델러All we are the young- Yodeler 우리 모두는 에델회원들All we are the members of the Edelweiss!
the Alpinrose, university Yodel Club founded in Seoul, was a youthful yodel club. Every year younger students become new members, and they had been enduring youthfulness.
Their style of yodel was Austrian, American-western, Korean popular song rather than Switzerland. The main repertoire is the enjoyable songs that appeal to ordinary audiences who are not familiar with yodeling by combining the songs, pop songs, and popular songs with yodels.
This club produced a lot of popular singers also. 권성연Kwon Sung-yeon, who won the gold medal in the 강변가요제Riverside song festival in 1990 for her song “한여름밤의 꿈A dream of the summer night,” and the “일기예보Weather-forecast”, Korean trio male band made up 강현민Kang Hyun-min, 정구련Cheong Gu-ryun and 나들Nadul, They were all from the Alpinrose Yodel Club.
On summer days, the Alpinrose used to occasionally hold outdoor rallies in the 대학로Daehak-ro. The Alpinrose was developing their identity as a university yodel club based on the romantic purity of this series of youthful weapons.
(music by Kang Hyun-min)
우리 처음 만난 그 공원의 푸르름 속에 높은 하늘 위로 들려오는 맑은 노래 In the green of the park we first met A clear song coming up high in the sky
나도 몰래 따라 부르며 즐거워했지 나의 사랑- 나의 알핀로제 I used to sing it secretly with joy My love – my alpinrose
그 속엔 모든 기쁨 같이 할 친구들 있지 또 함께 느낄 수 있는 커다란 행복까지 There were a friend to share all the joy And there were the great happiness we can feel together
우리 마음 속에 묻어 뒀던 사랑을 모아 조금씩 하나가 되지 Collecting the love we buried in our hearts It gradually became the one
알핀로제 알핀로제 사랑을 가득 담아 노래하는 곳 Alpinrose! Alponrose! The spot of the song filled with love
알핀로제 알핀로제 아- 알 핀 로 제 Alpinrose! Alponrose! AA- Al–Pin–Ro–Se
In 1975, the late Yodel Club of Basel, which was born in Seoul the members of Basel was an middle of aged club between the Edelweiss and the Alpinrose. The members of the Alpinrose was able to join as a new member only in the first and second years of college, but the Basel was able to join as a new member for all aged were can join. The Edelweiss were also not age-restricted. However, relatively young people became Basel members, and relatively older people naturally became members of Edelweiss in Seoul.
The Basel has seen more focus on the yodel than any other club, and has come up with sensations by conceiving and realizing a very challenging and experimental yodeling concert.
The Basel has pioneered the experimental mixture genres of ‘The carols and yodels”, “the Korean traditional music and yodels” in Korean yodel societies, and also gave a unique multi-musical&visual performance to contemporary subjects through the presentation of “유러피안 요들과 웨스턴 요들의 만남The meetings of the European & Western yodels” at 호암아트홀Hoam Art Hall in 1990 .
The Basel Yodel Club tried to perform the yodel-musical easy to let people know the yodels. In 1994, “백설공주Snow White” was the first yodel-musical in Basel. The Yodel Musical becomes the tradition that will always appear in this club’s concert.
Since 1995, the Basel Yodel Club complete working on yodel music-sheet collecting & computerization for all Yodel music scores in Korea. As a result of this achievement, in the year of the 25th anniversary of the founding of the Basel, 350 music- sheets of 655 pages were published in 2000. This book, called “요들 반세기the half-century period of Yodel” among the members of Basel, spread throughout the country and played a major role in the distribution of the Korean yodels.
We are all the Basel family
(Korean by Park Yeon-sik)
바젤에 들어온 지 엊그제 같은데 자 벌써 이렇게 한가족이죠 It’s been a while since I came in Basel We already have a family like this
요들을 배우고 사랑을 배웠어요 걱정도 사랑하는 만큼 한가족이죠 I learned yodel, I learned love. It’s a family as much as I love.
젊음은 이렇게 아름다운 거라고 우린 이렇게 말하죠 The youth is so beautiful. We always say like this
여기에 모여서 노래하는 모습이 즐겁고 행복해 우리 모두 사랑해 Here, we are singing together We are fun and happy We all love you
In case of Incheon Yodel Club, male members were recruited mainly for the office worker, and female members are mainly transfused through the Eden-choir of Incheon Women ‘s Commercial High School, which is the only high school yodel grpou in Korea. All yodel clubs in Korea were run by amateurs, but Incheon Enzian Yodel Club is a very unique way of tutorized by Bang Yoon-sik, a professional yodeler. Since then Incheon Club has been one of the well-performed of the Swiss traditional instruments such as Alphorns and Orgeli.
내 고향 슈타이어My home, Steyr [I Bin a Steirebua]
Korean by Cho Hyeong-seung
나혼자 갈테야 양떼를 벗 삼아 I will go there with the flock.
어디든 가볼래 요들이 있는 곳 I will go where is there in yodel
우리 님 살던 곳 에인션 피던 곳 The place where my lover lived and where the Enzian had been blooming
손 잡고 뛰놀던 푸른 동산 The blue- garden where we had been running
In 1993, the Edelweiss and the Basel in Seoul, and Enzian Yodel Club in Incheon organized and conducted meaningful joint concerts. This concert, called “경인 합동 연주회Gyeong-in Joint Concert”, was a concert in which three different yodel clubs with different characteristics were held in harmony with all together.
Since the 1980s, yodel have largely disappeared in Korean mass media, but the Korean yodel have been steadily maintaining their presence through amateur yodel clubs. Each Yodel Clubs were not just keeping the existences, they were producing their own unique yodeling colors. In particular, Seoul and other metropolitan areas were the center of politics, culture, and economy where half of the population in Korea were living. Until now, these yodel clubs have been leading & inform the yodel to the public through numerous performances.
On May 27 1980, ten days after the occurrence of the so-called ‘the Gwangju Democratic Uprising ‘ took place in Gwangju, Jeolla-do. At that time, Gwangju was an emergency situation in which the military was dispatched, and was completely blocked with other areas. However, the seven members of the Gwangju Enzian Yodel Club, including Kim Yong-ju, secretly crossed Mt. Mudeungsan and headed for Seoul. “Where they was going although that dangerous situation?” In fact, they were crossing the life-or-death line to participate in the Swiss folk music concert with the Korea Yodel Federation and the Swiss Benziger Yodel Choir. All of them were the members of the Korea Yodel Federation’s Gwangju branch. That was the only reason they will going to Seoul.
▶ Birth of the Korea Yodel Federation
Since the Edelweiss Yodel Club was first created in 1969, every year the Yodel Club was born in Korea. 한국 요델연맹The Korea Yodel Federation(the KYF) began with Kim Hong-chul’s proposal, which was formed in April 1978 with the support of local yodel clubs that were already active in Korea. The first president was 정준Cheong Jun of the Korean Alpinrose Yodel Club.
There were already more than 10 Yodel clubs active in 1978, so naturally they formed the joint committee of all yodel clubs in Korea.
▶ Formed the Korean union yodel choir
In September of the year when the federation was created, ‘the Swiss folklore ensemble’ were invited and the joint concert with Korean yodelers at the Auditorium of Sejong Cultural Center. The Swiss folklore ensemble were formed by 구치 시들러Guschti Sidler, the Swiss trader who working in trade with Switzerland and Japan. He first performed in Japan and then performed in Korea. He selected randomly selected local musicians in Switzerland.
It was a project team, and the Swiss people were first met each other, and it was a bit messy because they could not communicate with each other and need to translate, but it is remembered as the first joint performance with Swiss performance team in Korea. In addition, the ‘저 산에 저녁놀 지고An afterglow of sunset in the mountain[Ach, Wie Churzen Üsi Tage].’ and ‘알프스 축제The festival of the Alps[Niederwalden Tanzliedli]’, which are still the national yodel anthems of the Korean yodelers, were premiered as choruses of many Korean clubs. And they released the first joint album named “Grüße aus Korea’ on 1979.
In 1980, the Swiss ‘Benziger Art Troupe’ arrived in Korea. They were the first class folk arts troupe who participated in the celebration of the 200th anniversary of the American Independence as a representative of Switzerland.
It was a chance to see the Swiss tradition from the authentic Swiss chorus. They presented the following Swiss traditional performances: Hackbrett,Talerschwingen, Alphorn, Fanenschwingen, even they did Silvesterklaus performances!
The members of the KYF also added Korean lyrics to the original Swiss song and then was singing the same song such as ‘아침[Morge Früeh Eh D’Sunne Lacht]’ and ‘푸른 산으로For the blue Mountain’. As the last song, “아름다운 베르네 산골the beautiful Berner Valley and “즐거운 목동the pleasant shepherd” were chorus together with the Swiss art troupe.
Those days, General Koreans thought that the Western cultures are only the English and American, so that Swiss-German cultural exchanges were an event ahead of its time, simultaneously the presence of Korean yodels and skilled yodelers was also very impressive for Swiss people.
In August of that year, the Yodelers of the KYF had been gone to Switzerland to perform. In 1986, the Yodel Choir of the whole-Korea went on a tour of Switzerland. In 1995 and 1991, the Swiss Alpine Club performed joint concerts in Korea, the KYF had been fulfill its roles and responsibilities by actively promoting exchanges between Korean Yodel clubs and civil diplomatic activities between Korea and Switzerland.
▶ Leading exchanges with Japan
After the 90s, the Federation-level events with the Switzerland have not progressed anymore. Since then, exchanges with Switzerland have become more fragmented by playing and exchanging individual clubs rather than KYF. In the 1990s, the KYF became more focused on exchanges with Japanese folklore lovers.
The exchange with Japan began in 1992 with the Shigetoshi Nakagawa(中川重年), the conductor of the Tamakawa(丸川) Alphorn Clubs of Japan, and began to perform in Japan in 1994. In 1997 and 1998, The Swiss Yodel Club and the Tamakawa Alphorn Club started a joint concert at five cities in central Japan. In 1999, the Onikobe(鬼首) Cultural Center invited the KYF, also they did a joint performances at Hokkaido(北海道)(2000).
The exchange of the KYF with Japan has been continuing since then, but the members of the Yodel club scattered throughout in Korea. So it is becoming more and more difficult to gather together to practice a chorus and make a performance team. Therefore, current exchanges with Japan are also becoming more prominent among individual clubs, rather than exchanges at the KYF level.
▶ the Korean Yodel Camp, the place of the meeting and the harmony
The most significant event of the 한국 요델협회KYF is 전국 요델캠프the Korean Yodel Camp(KYC) where the whole Korean yodelers meet all together.
Although the camp’s program is distributed by each clubs, but the supervise club operate and control the overall events,(Usually, the clubs with the president of KYF act as a supervisor clubs) while members of the remaining clubs have only to amusing it.
The KYC program consists of four categories. The KYC usually check the attendance by 9:00 pm, because the members have to gather all over the country. Of course, for those who come in advance, simple events such as “sing along”, “yodel-class” are prepared from 8:00 pm, but most people are busy sharing greetings with people who short meetings between long absences.
So each club’s members usually finish their meals their-selves until 9 pm, or sometimes meals are served by supervisor clubs. When all the clubs in the country gather around 9 pm, they usually have an hour of free time, but there are no clubs just spend time doing nothing. Because it is the last time to unlock their throat, tune the instruments and so on. Finally they have to change their yodel-dress to participate in the yodel festival, which takes place at 10 pm.
When the Yodel Festival is held from 10:00 pm, the skilled yodelers of each club in the whole country will compete with their own yodel and musical instruments. In the past, the concept of the Yodel competition was fierce, nowadays, it has become more meaningful to appreciate each other’s skills than rankings or competitions and to explore the trends of the clubs to clubs.
After the Yodel Festival is over, it is usually midnight. Some yodelers ask for sleep, but most people prepare for the night-market.
The each yodel clubs are preparing a variety of local specialties and sharing it together, talking about anything, someone who are good at musical instruments and songs can sing whatever, moreover If there were someone who can not stand on Yodel Festival, anyone who can show off their skills in the night- market.
As time goes by, the night-market naturally take away, but the singings does not end until the dawn. Of course, anyone who wants to go to bed can go back to their accommodation at any time, but the singing & drinking continue until the next sunrise.
The next morning there is a morning program, but usually people do not participate because of alcohol drinking at night. and then all of them have lunch and break up with saying “see you the next year~”
▶ Other Yodel Camps
Aside of the KYC, each Korean Yodel clubs enjoyed various yodel-camps between clubs to clubs
In the past, there were Gyeong-in Camps with Edelweiss and Basel in Seoul and Enzian in Incheon. There were three-‘san’ camps in Busan, Masan, and Ulsan in Gyeongsang-province. There were also Gyeong-bu camps with Edelweiss in Seoul and Alpin in Busan. In the past, these clubs to clubs exchanges were very active, but as the clubs become more difficult to operate,these events were almost extinguished in 90s.
However, the Yeong-honam Camp is the most traditional and influential Yodel camp in the Korean Yodel community, where the three Yodel Clubs of Gyeongsang Province and the Yodel Club of Jeolla Province doing it every year.
the Yeong-honam Camp (2007) / Photo courtesy: Masan Alpinrose Yodel Club
▶ the Present and Future of Korea Yodel Federation
The KYF is a non-profit organization based on the fellowship through yodel, so it is difficult to conduct another activities except for the Korea yodel camp, which is held once a year, and the KYF do not have any binding power at the new yodel clubs except former 8 scores yodel club such as the Edelweiss, Basel, Incheon Enzian, Busan Alpin, Gwangju Enzian, Masan Alpin Ulsan Alpin and Deagu Alpin.
The existing members have been interacting for decades, but new members are not aware of the existence of the KYF or do not have much significance for participation, and it is also true that the KYF could not develop the new content that new members who want. In a way, the KYF have been great to exchange with each other so far, but the future is uncertain.
The KYF is all of us, but also it is not an organization of anyone.
The current KYF is not a glorious organization such as the past, but still many yodelers in Korea being enjoying the KYC every year with pleasure.
Every Autumn!, you can meet a group of people wearing a full-length traditional costume and making strange sounds. They are a bit of a weird people who enjoy the traditional Swiss Yodels in Korea. If you participate in that rare festival, you will surely enjoy!
▶ the Birth of 한국 에델바이스 요델 클럽the Korea Edelweiss Yodel Club
Kim Hong-chul, who go and return from Switzerland in ’68, was the first Switzerland Yodeling-student in Korea. This unfamiliar but exciting music has attracted many Korean’s attention, and the home of Kim Hong-chul located in 응암동Eungam-dong, Seoul, had been full of people coming to learn yodel.
In such an atmosphere, Kim Hong-chul and 10 other people will make first Korean yodel club named Edelweiss at YMCA Jongno 2, Seoul.
The Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) is a Christian civil society formed in 1844 by evangelicals in the United Kingdom. There are more than 10,000 organizations in 120 countries around the world. In Korea, the Korea Christian Youth Association, founded in 1903, was the start of the Korea YMCA
the Edelweiss was first created by 김장길Kim Jang-gil who worked in ad-agency, 이무일Lee Moo-il who was a KBS PD, and 현인송Hyun In-song who was a primary school teacher, 남궁예Nam Gung-ye, 박찬임Park Chan-im who were a pharmacist and 김인숙Kim In-suk who worked at the Bank of the Korea. All of them were young early-30s person, they were also active worked in church choir as soloists.
After the birth of the club, 김홍경Kim Hong-kyung, the big brother of the Kim Hong-chul, conducted the chorus. At the time, Kim Hong-kyung was a music-teacher of the 배재 고등학교Pai Chai high school.
He had been also the conductor of 오라토리오 합창단the Oratorio-choir, one of the famous Christian choir in Korea. It was the natural that some of the Edelweiss members had been recruited from the Oratorio-choir.
From the start, the Edelweiss club had been in a little bit stately atmosphere and served as the big-brother to the all Korean yodel clubs.
Since the birth of the club, the members of the Edelweiss club had a lot of professional workers who had relatively afford economic. So they endeavoring to advise and support the following yodel clubs established by another local cities.
Even now, the members who the local clubs worked come to Seoul, they naturally become members of the Edelweiss. From the fact, we can be guessed the mutual emotional-bond to the Edelweiss and the local yodel clubs.
The Edelweiss’s early yodel style was said to be Swiss yodeling, but not only Swiss, but also Austrian and Western genres were mixed. And the 가곡Gagok, 캐롤Carols and 성가Sacred-song became the musical character of the club.
Gagok (song, German: Lied) is a song derived from Western classical music. The close combination of poetry and music influenced the development of romantic lyric poetry (Goethe, Heine, Mueller, etc.) that contained very personal feelings in the form of music that appeared in the 19th century romantic era. With the development of the piano, art songs have the form of songs and duets.Typical composers are Franz Schubert and Robert Schumann. Korean Gagok have appeared since the 1920s This overall stately yodel style of that club has evolved into a full-fledged study of Swiss yodels[Jodellied] since the 1980s.
In the early days, the two-thirds of the Edelweiss members emigrated to the United States, most of them were settled in LA.
In 1977, the members of Edelweiss, 이흥열Lee Heung-ryul and 이상욱Lee Sang-wook, founded the Los Angeles Edelweiss Yodel Club.
This monumental gathering, remembered as the first Yodel Club not only in Korea but also in the western society, was suddenly abandoned as the accident of a woman member who had been robbed at the underground parking lot in their class room.
▶ The Birth of the 한국 알핀로제 요델클럽Korean Alpinrose Yodel Club
At the time, the YMCA was the mecca of the Korean club culture, the Edelweiss was growing pivotal, and the need for the University yodel-club emerged.
Thanks to Edelweiss’s active performance, a consensus has been formed about the formation of the University yodel club. Also beginning with Kim Hong – chul ‘s yodeling class, the first University yodel club named the Korean Alpinrose Yodel Club.
the Edelweiss, the first Yodel club in Korea, dispatched 백도구Baik Do-goo and 오혜숙Oh Hae-sook to help develop the new Yodel club. They conveyed the club’s know-how for six months.
And Cheong Joon was newly elected as their president, and Alpinrise begins to grow in earnest.
Cheong Joon, the first president of the Alpinrose yodel club, had been active as the head of the first president of the Korea Yodel Federation, which was founded later. However, Alpinrose left the “Korea Yodel Federation in 1980, and since then, the Alpinrose has developed independently without interaction with existing another Korean yodelers.
▶ The Birth of the 인천 엔지안 요들클럽Incheon Enzian yodel club
Following to the Edelweiss and Alpinrose, another Yodel club was born in Incheon, beyond Seoul. 최규철Choi Kyu Chul, who was a member of the the Edelweiss in the middle of 1971, worked in the Christian community hall of Incheon. He started yodeling class as one of the cultural programs in that hall, Since then, he has met 김지원Kim Ji-won, who was from Alpinrose, and cooperated with her to make a yodel club in Incheon.
Since then, 이영훈Lee Young-hoon and 이양일Lee Yang-il have been recruited, On April 1, 1972, Incheon’s first Yodel club was officially established with the blessing of existing Yodel Club members including Kim Hong-chul.
The name of this club became an Enzian, it’s the Kim Hong-chul’s suggestion. He suggested that all Korean Yodel clubs should use their names of the three major flowers of the Alps : Edelweiss, Alpinrose, and Enzian.
Since this naming principle has become an unspoken-laws for all the new Korean yodel clubs that were born until the early 2000s.
▶ The birth of the local yodel club
Except for the metropolitan area, the movement of the first Yodel club seems to have started in Daegu. The club was founded in March of the year 73. In the 1970s, the YMCA was the leading association of the Korean youth culture. YMCA Daegu/Gyeongbuk branch was one of the most active branches of the NUSA(National University Song Association) led by 전석환Jeon Seok-hwan.
the Daegu YMCA’s leaders : 문홍주Moon Hong-joo, 이건춘Lee Kun-chun, 허식Hur Sik, and 8 other members were want to make yodel club so they invited Kim Hong-chul as the yodel lecturer. First it was founded YMCA adult club, but in 1976 Daegu Alpinrose Yodel Club has been became a federation club of six universities in Daegu.
대구 알핀로제 요델클럽The Daegu Alpinrose Yodel Club has pursued Swiss traditional yodels from the very beginning of the club and has achieved considerable success. 문홍제Moon Hong-jea worked both the yodeling lecture in this club and YMCA assistant administrator from the years 75 to the end of the 80’s.
In Busan, a group of six people from the Central Church, led by 박호문Park Ho-moon, who was the student of the music school, did their self yodel class on November 1973 did their yodel class. July 1974 they invited Kim Hong-chul as their yodel lecturer, and then they founded the Yodel Club in Busan.
Afterwards, including Park Ho-moon and a lot of founders left for Seoul, the club became difficult to operate, but 부산 알핀로제 요델클럽the Busan Alpinrose Yodel Club overcame that obstacles and that started to develop with steady activities to spread the culture of Yodel in Busan.
In 1977, the Kim Hong-chul’s yodel class was held at the Masan YMCA in Gyeongnam Province. After the class, 권경춘Gwon gyeong-chun was the first president of 마산 알핀로제 요델클럽the Masan Alpinerose Yodel Club.
The Yodel Club in Masan was a YMCA youth club in the early twenties. 장광천Jang Gwang-cheon, who was a middle school student at the time, participated in the Kim Hong-chul yodel class with 전성용Jeon Sung-yong who was a friend of the same class.
In 1977, a yodeling class was held at the YMCA in Gwangju, Jeolla-nam Province. Kim Hong-chul, who was a teacher of yodel, proposed to make a yodel club and invited 김용주Kim Yong-joo, who was active in Namwon, to start a meeting every Tuesday.
박명선Park Myeong-sun, who was a middle school teacher at the time, made a great contribution to the birth and development of the club as the first president.
Since then, 광주 엔시안 요델클럽the Gwangju Enzian Yodel Club has produced outstanding Yodeler 장승일Jang Seung-il, who still works as a professional yodeler.
Later, Gwangju Enzian yodel club had produced many female yodelers of distinguished talent such as 김순덕Kim Soon-duk and 송미진Song Mi-jin.
▶ The Birth of the Korea Basel Yodel Club
In 1975, after finishing the yodel class of the 한국 알핀로제 요들클럽Korean Alpinrose Yodel Club, some member’s joining was refused. Because the Alpinrose was the only university yodel club in Seoul, their member required only freshman. Then the members who could not join the Alpinrose Yodel Club and the members who had resistance of the stubborn policy were created the new yodel club.
In those days, that club was the first Yodel clubs that did not go through Kim Hong-chul’s yodel class in Korea, and although they were not ‘intentional’, they appeared in the Korean Yodel societies with a name that is not related to the existing Yodel club naming method based on the three major flowers of the Alps rules.
Their name, Basel, is the name of the city of Switzerland. Founding the yodel club, they sent a letters the major cities of Switzerland as like Zurich, Bern, Luzern, Geneva and Basel. The Basel was the only cities response to their letter. So Basel became the name of the new yodel club
한국 바젤 요들클럽The Korea Basel Yodel Club, which was the unique from the start, has since developed somewhat independent of the existing Yodel clubs and also have been unique achievements in the later.
However, there is no evidence yet for this letter from Basel.
▶ From the late 70’s to the early 80’s
In 1978, the 안양 엔시안 요들클럽Ananyang Enzian Yodel Club was created in Anyang, Gyeonggi Province, and the Yodel Club of 울산 알핀로제 요델클럽Ulsan Alpinrose was created in Ulsan, Kyungnam in 1981.
Anyang Enzian Yodel Club was founded by 25 members, including 도용환Doh Yong-hwan(the founding members of the Basel Yodel Club in Seoul) and his cousins 도대환Doh Dea-hwan, 도기원Doh ki-won. Later Doh Yong-hwan, Doh Dea-hwan, 이정선Lee Jung-seon, 이혜봉Lee Hye-bong, 서동욱Seo Dong-wook and 김흥배Kim Heung-bae who as the member of the steering committee.
The Yodel Club of Ulsan was also founded through the YMCA.
최상현Choi Sang-hyun,the member of the Korean Alpinrose Yodel Club, served as the first leader in the Ulsan yodel club, because he worked defense industry service in Ulsan. 나태수Nah Tae-su from Incheon yodel club, who lived in Ulsan for work, so he also contributed to the development of the Ulsan Club.
Like this, the Korean- nationwide distribution of the amateur yodelers were having a very strong roots.
In the 1970s the Yodel Club was full in Korea. the full-fledged economic growth began and it’s the time when the nation’s aspirations to live well were gathered to produce enormous synergies.
It was the time when whoever could get a good job even if they did not go to University, if someone did not have a good license, if they did not have a good foreign language ability.
Those days, all Koreans had a lot of faith that everyone could be live well. It was the time when social integration was better than any other period since since the beginning of history. This dynamic seventies was also the decisive time in the history of the Korean yodel.
During this period, Kim Hong-chul was active worked, more than half of the amateur yodel clubs in Korea were born, and more than 80% of the popular yodel songs, still popular today, were made at this time.
Long haired, jeans and draft beer, still symbolized by youth culture in the 1970s … And the contemporary folk song with guitar … And the yodel, which was also a part of the folk song … It certainly fits very well with the social scene of the 1970s in Korea.
The diligent shepherd’ of the Alps replaced ‘the diligent manual laborer’, ‘the beautiful Swiss lady’ became ‘the loyal wife who raise two kids’ , and ‘the beautiful Berner Valley’ will be the ‘great country’ have to established by Koreans. Finally, the last yodel refrains will be the clear and pure joys for the brilliant future!
The 4th ‘Yodel Day’ Pin-Button will be made on January 1, 2019, because the existing ones are all consumed.
The design has been slightly changed compared to conventional pin buttons, do you know which part has changed?
▶ History of the ‘Yodel Day’ pin-button
The first ‘Yodel Day’ Pin-Button was made in June 2015 to promote ‘World Yodel Day’
The yellow rings and the black rings symbolize Eurasia(Europe+Asia) and Africa, blue rings symbolize the Americas, and green rings symbolize the Oceania continent.
The red background was expressed differently in every country to country. For example, when I met Switzerland person, it was said in the color of Switzerland,
and it was said the color which symbolized Europe when I met Europeans : Then, ‘the yellow’ that symbolizes the Eurasia will turn into the symbol-color of the Asia 🙂
Furthermore, for example, when I met Chinese, Japanese and Vietnamese people, it was no problem to say that the red background colors are their symbolic colors, that’s why the Chinese favorite color is red, and for Japanese and Vietnamese, the red color is the main color of their national flag.
In fact, red is the symbol of all mankind. Everyone in the world has the same color of blood flowing in blood vessels, even though their skin color is different.
This first ‘Yodel Day’ Pin-button used from June 2015 to November 2016 and promoted Yodel Day through 32 cities in 6 countries: Switzerland, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Australia and Cambodia.
The second ‘Yodel Day’ pin button was made in December 2016. There is no big change in the design except for the twist of the yellow ring of the first pin button. Compared to the first pin button, the overall ring is little bit more thinner.
The second ‘Yodel Day’ pin button promoted Yodel Day in 88 cities across 14countries including Japan, Thailand, South Korea, the Philippines, Vietnam, Georgia, Macao, Hong Kong, Taiwan, New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and the United Kingdom.
From now on, the second ‘Yodel Day’ pin-button has been around the most places and promotes Yodel Day.
The 3rd pin button was made in August 2018. This button was made on a completely different white background and was temporarily used as a beer exchange coupon at the ’18s World Yodel Day Night party.
The 4th pin button will be made on January 1, 2019. The 4th pin button has the same design as the second one, but the existing yellow ring and black ring has been changed, and the upper word “World Yodel Day”, which was written in yellow, has turned black.
From 2019 onwards, Yodel Day’s worldwide promotion will be done with the 4th pin button of this new design.
▶ Yodel Day’s past journey and new challenges
The journey of the pin-button is the barometer of the journey of Yodel Day.
From 2015 to 2018, ‘Yodel Day’ was promoted in 120 cities across 19 countries, and the main publicity tool was the ‘Yodel Day pin-button’.
Coincidentally, during that period, the word ‘World Yodel Day’ at the top of the Yodel Day pin button’s color in yellow, symbolizing Eurasia, and the main promotional area was also Eurasia. Now, the word ‘World Yodel Day’ at the top of the new pin-button’s color is black, which symbolizes Africa. Will the future of Yodel Day’s main promotional area will be Africa?
Nothing can be measured for now. However, it is clear that things that were not even imaginable when we made the first Yodel Day pin button are happening now. What will the newly created Yodel Day Pin button show us in the future?
The following article by Anzil Hidayat, Indonesian folk musician I will do it by quoting / translating and my personal opinion [ ].
The art of Beluk is a vocal art without the accompaniment of instruments typical of Sundanese people that are now very rare to find. The distribution is an agricultural area and especially in the highlands, starting from Banten to Sumedang and Tasikmalaya-Singaparna. But unfortunately this broad distribution does not mean that the art of outs (perhaps also other traditional arts) has a strong endurance in the face of changing times. One that still survives is the Beluk of Cirangkong, Cikeusal , Tanjung Jaya, Kabupaten, Tasikmalaya Regency.
In Cirangkong, the Beluk-traditional vocal art- is still quite often displayed in ceremonies such as those related to Agriculture Village. The presentation is usually done in open places such as rice fields or gardens. Beluk usually uses a high pitch. Such a curse will indeed feel frenzied when voiced, this is due to the tradition of rice fields and fields as a medium of communication between farmers.
The Baduy community used to shout in an impressive tone when they were in the woods or fields themselves. They cried out it because they did not want to be lonely or as information that they are in that place. It is said that the form of singing with high notes, swirling and snaking is part of the expression of the field people when communicating with their fellow community members who have a sedentary pattern in one area but the place are far apart.
▶ How does Beluk singing?
The art of Beluk is the art of “Kalangenan” ( by Sundanese language) in that it does not belong to the category of performing arts and is more of a personal entertainment. [As an expression of contrast with the song , the Karanganan can be seen in the same meaning as Yodel contrast with song.]
This art is more used for ritual purposes such as in a party of 40 days the birth of a baby. In other words, it means humming rather than singing. [The Sundanese believe that when the baby over 40 old, the soul will come in their body.]
There are four main presenters with different roles. First, the main presenter is called and then the audience also participate in performance..The four roles are 1) artisan “Ngilo” or “Ilo” interpreter, 2) Tukang Ngajual, 3) artisan “Meuli”, and 4) artisan “Naekeun”.
“Ilo” as an opening song (not using ornamentation),
“Tukang Ngajual” continuing songs with certain techniques (*pupuh), “Tukang Meuli” continuing with songs with complementary ornamentation, and “Tukang Naékeun” continuing the song with high notes and full of ornamentation.
*Pupuh : some basic melodies of Beluk, there are 17 scores Pupuh in Beluk.
Ngilo player is a narrative poet reader. The reading is done in a moderate time with clear articulation and is read per line. Outlined poems come from the stories of “Babad” folklore or “Wawacan” fiksi stories and are presented in the form of 17 “Pupuh” (traditional art), namely “asmarandana, balakbak, dandanggula, durma, gambuh, gurisa, tukang demung, kinanti, ladrang, lambang, magatru, maskumambang, mijil, pangkur, pucung, sinom, and wirangrong”.
[I collected total 4 scores Pupuh as follows video ; Asmarandana, Kinanti, Pangkur and Sinom]
Whereas the handyman “Naekeun” (to high tone) continued the artisan “Meuli” with high notes and snaking. In this section the vocal ornamentation is so dominant that the articulation is not prioritized and can become very vague. Every artisan “Naekeun” completes one verse, the entire audience and other presenters wrap the song together (choir).
In the presentation of Beluk, there are several techniques such as:
– Nyurup (which is the harmony of harmony conveyed)-[some tuning scale]
– clear articulation
– eur-eur (suitability of vibration with song sentences)
– speed of ornamentation
– Leotan (rhythm of the ups and downs of the tones used)…[similar to Rolling skill of yodel]
– embat (cut song sentence) even though this vocal music has a free tempo, but this is necessary as a song variation even though it sounds vague,
– Pedotan (breathing technique) interesting technique or exhaling in each sentence of the song, and the expression of inspiration in a song that is adjusted to the atmosphere and movement that is considered interesting.
[Pamuradan, which can be seen in the video now, is different from the 17s basic Pupuh at Beluk..In fact, it is hard to distinguish this because I do not have the knowledges of the Indonesian traditional music.]
As a form of art that is born from the everyday life of a simple agrarian society, in the presentation of the art of outsiders do not apply certain dress rules. The most common ones are using *taqwa, *sarongs, *skullcaps, and trousers. The division of roles in the presentation of outsides also characterizes agrarian societies that like to work together, cooperate and communicate harmoniously.
[*Taqwa, Sarongs, Skullcaps : all of that is the Islamic traditional clothes in Indonesia]
▶ Terbang, Beluk’s accompaniment instrument
[They was tuning Terbang before playing. The video you are watching now shows the tuning of Terbang and experimental playing.]
[After tuning , they played Terbang solo performance]
[Finally, let’s enjoy the Beluk concert with Terbang. Beluk originally developed as a singing style without a musical instrument, The only permitted instrument is Terbang]
Now this Beluk sang by the Pangkur Melody among the 17 Pupuh mentioned above.
▶ Current status and future of the Beluk
They said, that 3 persons are the last Beluk singers in Indonesia. Now, this traditional music seems to be in its extinction stage in Indonesia.
According to Anzil Hidayat, the effort to spread the vocalization “Beluk” through various Indonesian schools is ongoing, but it is not easy because of the Beluk’s difficult pronunciations. [I think it is close to yodel that their hard vocalization disturbing to spread their vocalization. From a pessimistic point of view, I thought of Beluk as an art to worry about disappearing like Yodel.]
▶ Yodel and Beluk
Beluk was said to have been created for communication between the rice fields and the rice fields. According to the Switzerland Yodel Association(EJV), Yodel was born for communication between mountains and mountains.
[In addition, a lonely shepherd in Switzerland and a lonely farmer in Indonesia both sang yodel and Beluk. That is why the method of uttering Beluk and Yodel is ultimately the same.]
[Perhaps there was no Beluk singer, who knows the existence of yodeler, for the same reason, there is probably no yodelers,who knows Beluk.]
[In other words, these two music have been separated and developed without exchanges for thousands of years. Beluk is a living proof that Yodeling is indeed a global phenomenon.]
]If Beluk is to be recognized as yodeling, After all, Yodel is the music of the whole human race, and we are not different people, but all of us descendants of Homo sapiens, and eventually Yodel is the common music of all Homo sapiens.]
]But why did all our ancestors sing this tough voice? As I experience Beluk, I throw back the fundamental question again : “Why did the humans first call the yodels?”] FIN.
Nelson (Māori: Whakatū) is a city on the eastern shores of Tasman Bay. Nelson is the oldest city in the South Island and the second-oldest settled city in New Zealand – it was established in 1841 and was proclaimed a city by royal charter in 1858.Nelson city is bordered to the west and south-west by the Tasman District Council and the north-east, east and south-east by the Marlborough District Council. The city does not include Richmond, the area’s second-largest settlement. Nelson City has a population of around 50,000, making it New Zealand’s 12th most populous city and the geographical centre of New Zealand. When combined with the town of Richmond which has close to 14,000 residents, Nelson is ranked as New Zealand’s 9th largest urban area by population.Nelson is well known for its thriving local arts and crafts scene, Each year, the city hosts events popular with locals and tourists alike, such as the Nelson Arts Festival.The annual Wearable Art Awards began near Nelson and a local museum, World of Wearable Art now showcases winning designs alongside a collection of classic cars.
Otago (/əˈtɑːɡoʊ/ (About this soundlisten), /oʊ-, ɒ-/) is a region of New Zealand in the south of the South Island administered by the Otago Regional Council. It has an area of approximately 32,000 square kilometres (12,000 sq mi), making it the country’s third largest local government region. Its population was 229,200 in June 2018.The name “Otago” is an old Māori southern dialect word (the North Island dialect equivalent is “Otakou”), introduced to the south by Europeans in the 1840s. The exact meaning of the term is disputed, with common translations being “isolated village” and “place of red earth”, the latter referring to the reddish-ochre clay which is common in the area around Dunedin. “Otago” is also the old name of the European settlement on the Otago Harbour, established by the Weller Brothers in 1831, which lies close to the modern harbourside community of Otakou. The place later became the focus of the Otago Association, an offshoot of the Free Church of Scotland, notable for its high-minded adoption of the principle that ordinary people, not the landowner, should choose the ministers.Major centres include Dunedin (the principal city), Oamaru (made famous by Janet Frame), Balclutha, Alexandra, and the major tourist centres Queenstown and Wanaka. Kaitangata in South Otago is a prominent source of coal. The Waitaki and Clutha rivers provide much of the country’s hydroelectric power. Some parts of the area originally covered by Otago Province are now administered by either Canterbury Regional Council or Southland Regional Council.The Central Otago wine region produces award-winning wines made from varieties such as the Pinot noir, Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Merlot and Riesling grapes. It has an increasing reputation as New Zealand’s leading Pinot noir region.
Gore (Māori: Maruawai) is a town and district in the Southland region of the South Island of New Zealand. The town of Gore is 64 kilometres northeast of Invercargill and 70 km west of Balclutha – Dunedin and Invercargill are the nearest cities. The Gore District has a resident population of 12,500 (June 2018). The urban area estimated resident population at the June 2018 was 9,910, the second largest in Southland. Gore is a service town for the surrounding farm communities.
Dunedin (/dʌˈniːdɪn/ (About this soundlisten) duh-NEE-din; Māori: Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region. Its name comes from Dùn Èideann, the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.The urban area of Dunedin city lies on the central-eastern coast of Otago, surrounding the head of Otago Harbour, and the harbour and hills around Dunedin are the remnants of an extinct volcano. The city suburbs extend out into the surrounding valleys and hills, onto the isthmus of the Otago Peninsula, and along the shores of the Otago Harbour and the Pacific Ocean. Dunedin was the largest New Zealand city by territorial land area until superseded by Auckland with the formation of the Auckland Council in November 2010.Archaeological evidence points to lengthy occupation of the area by Māori prior to the arrival of Europeans. The province and region of Otago takes its name from the Ngai Tahu village of Otakou at the mouth of the harbour, which became a whaling station in the 1830s.In 1848 a Scottish settlement was established by the Lay Association of the Free Church of Scotland. Between 1855 and 1900 many thousands of Scots emigrated to the incorporated city. Dunedin became wealthy during the Central Otago Gold Rush, beginning in the 1860s. In the mid-1860s, and between 1878 and 1881, it was New Zealand’s largest urban area. The city population at 5 March 2013 was 120,246. While Tauranga, Napier-Hastings and Hamilton have eclipsed the city in size of population since the 1980s to make it only the seventh-largest urban area in New Zealand, Dunedin is still considered one of the four main cities of New Zealand for historic, cultural and geographic reasons.
Christchurch (/ˈkraɪstʃɜːrtʃ/; Māori: Ōtautahi) is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region. The Christchurch urban area lies on the South Island’s east coast, just north of Banks Peninsula. It is home to 404,500 residents, making it New Zealand’s third-most populous citybehind Auckland and Wellington.The Avon River flows through the centre of the city, with an urban park located along its banks. At the request of the Deans brothers—whose farm was the earliest settlement in the area—the river was named after the River Avon in Scotland, which rises in the Ayrshire hills near to where their grandfather’s farm was located.Archaeological evidence has indicated that the Christchurch area was first settled by humans in about 1250. Christchurch became a city by Royal Charter on 31 July 1856, making it officially the oldest established city in New Zealand. The Canterbury Association, which settled the Canterbury Plains, named the city after Christ Church, Oxford. The new settlement was laid out in a grid pattern centred on Cathedral Square; during the 19th century there were few barriers to the rapid growth of the urban area, except for the Pacific to the east and the Port Hills to the south.Agriculture is the historic mainstay of Christchurch’s economy. The early presence of the University of Canterbury and the heritage of the city’s academic institutions in association with local businesses has fostered a number of technology-based industries.The city suffered a series of earthquakes between September 2010 and early 2012, with the most destructive of them occurring at 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday, 22 February 2011, in which 185 people were killed and thousands of buildings across the city collapsed or suffered severe damage. By late 2013, 1,500 buildings in the city had been demolished, leading to an ongoing recovery and rebuilding project.
Kyoto (京都 Kyōto, /kiˈoʊtoʊ/; Japanese: [kʲoːꜜto]), officially Kyoto City (京都市 Kyōto-shi, Japanese: [kʲoːtoꜜɕi]), is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, located in the Kansai region of Japan.
It is most well known in Japanese history for being the former Imperial capital of Japan for more than one thousand years, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area.
Kashihara (橿原市 Kashihara-shi) is a city located in Nara Prefecture, Japan.
As of April 1, 2015, the city has an estimated population of 124,829, with 52,034 households.Population density is around 3,176.79 persons per km², and the total area is 39.52 km². The city was founded on February 11, 1956. The former mayor was Yutaka Asoda, who was elected to his third term of office in 2003. The present mayor is Yutaka Morishita, who was elected in 2007. The exact spot of Emperor Jimmu’s descent to earth was debated for centuries until in 1863 an area that is now part of the city was claimed to be the exact location. The city was the location of the Imperial capital Fujiwara-kyō, from 694 to 710. In the late 16th century it was said to be one of the two richest autonomous cities of Japan, as in Umi no Sakai, Riku no Imai (tr. “by the sea, Sakai – inland, Imai” – Imai or ja:今井町 now being a part of Kashihara).
Asuka (明日香村 Asuka-mura) is a village located in Takaichi District, Nara Prefecture, Japan. As of April 1, 2017, the village has an estimated population of 5,681, with 2,170 households, and a population density of 240 persons per km².
The total area is 24.08 km². Asuka is the land where ancient Asuka (飛鳥) palaces were located. There are strict rules governing construction in this historic town.
Asuka can be reached from Okadera or Asuka Station on Kintetsu Yoshino Line train line. Although it’s outside Asuka, Kashiharajingū-mae Station in neighboring Kashihara has service on the Kintetsu Kashihara Line, Minami Osaka Line and Yoshino Lines. By car, Asuka is on Route 169.
Ōtsu (大津市 Ōtsu-shi) is the capital city of Shiga Prefecture, Japan. Ōtsu is known as the main port of Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan. It briefly served as the capital of Japan from 667 to 672 AD during the Asuka period (538 – 710). The city is home to numerous sites of historical importance, notably the temples of Mii-dera, Ishiyama-dera, and Enryaku-ji and the Hiyoshi Taisha shrine.
Enryaku-ji is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site “Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities)”. Ōtsu was incorporated as a town on April 1, 1889. In October 1, 1898, Ōtsu-town was officially changed to Ōtsu-city.
Nara (奈良市 Nara-shi, Japanese: [naꜜɾa]) is the capital city of Nara Prefecture located in the Kansai region of Japan. The city occupies the northern part of Nara Prefecture, bordering Kyoto Prefecture.
Eight temples, shrines, and ruins in Nara remain: specifically Tōdai-ji, Saidai-ji, Kōfuku-ji, Kasuga Shrine, Gangō-ji, Yakushi-ji, Tōshōdai-ji, and the Heijō Palace, together with Kasugayama Primeval Forest, collectively form “Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara”, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. During 710 CE – 784 CE, Nara was the capital of Japan, and the Emperor (天皇) lived there before moving the capital to Kyoto.